The darker the color, the more favorable the climate conditions are for survival. The outlined areas represent approximate current range for each season. More on reading these maps.
The range-limited White-headed Woodpecker is a permanent resident of the “yellow pine” forests (mainly ponderosa and Jeffrey pines) in the far west. It is mainly herbivorous in winter, depending heavily on conifer seeds. Occurrences even a few miles from the preferred habitat are noteworthy. Audubon's climate model forecasts a 100 percent loss of current summer range and a 75 loss of current winter range by 2080. Movement to new habitats may not be an option for this specialist species, seemingly hardwired to its pinewood haunts. The species is already at risk because of unwise logging and fire-suppression practices, and climate change may worsen the prospects for this distinctive western forest denizen.