The darker the color, the more favorable the climate conditions are for survival. The outlined areas represent approximate current range for each season. More on reading these maps.
Like most sandpipers, this species favors muddy wetlands—but with a hitch. The Solitary Sandpiper also relies upon woodlands at all times in its annual cycle: it breeds in the wet northern woodlands, and is found during migration and in winter on wooded ponds and streams. Audubon's climate model forecasts a 93 percent loss of current summer range by 2080, with an overall northward movement. The Solitary Sandpiper’s ability to track north may depend on whether the species’ favored taiga breeding grounds also drift north as climate changes. On the wintering grounds, the species is likely to expand northward, with particularly impressive gains in the lower Mississippi River valley.