The darker the color, the more favorable the climate conditions are for survival. The outlined areas represent approximate current range for each season. More on reading these maps.
Highly sought by birders, this species may found in new areas in winter if the predictions of Audubon’s climate model predictions hold true, as only 13 percent of the current winter range is forecast to remain stable by 2080. Smith’s Longspur depends on short, grassy areas and fallow fields for winter habitat, and milder winters could open up nearly two and a quarter times the current area in the future. Of much greater concern, however, the model shows ideal climate space during summer disappearing completely. Smith’s Longspur is a tree line breeding specialist, so if it is to survive it will have to be able to follow the tree line north (and up in elevation).