The darker the color, the more favorable the climate conditions are for survival. The outlined areas represent approximate current range for each season. More on reading these maps.
The Gray Flycatcher has distinctive plumage, body structure, and behaviors that set it apart from other Empidonax flycatchers. This bird is also ecologically distinctive, favoring sagebrush–pinyon–juniper habitats eschewed by its congeners. Audubon’s climate model forecasts substantial range disruptions, with contraction in summer and expansion in winter. The summer projection is of particular concern, as only 9% of the current range remains climate stable, and the total suitable area is reduced by 62%. Gray Flycatcher winters primarily south of the United States, and it will be interesting to see if it can take advantage of any increase in suitable winter climate north of Mexico.