The darker the color, the more favorable the climate conditions are for survival. The outlined areas represent approximate current range for each season. More on reading these maps.
This boreal woodpecker is ecologically similar—but not identical—to the Black-backed Woodpecker. Although there is much overlap in range and habitat, the American Three-toed Woodpecker prefers smaller and sicklier trees than the Black-backed. It can benefit, at least in the short term, from poor forest health. Audubon's climate model shows substantial losses of suitable climate space in the winter. These losses may be offset in part by the woodpecker’s willingness to explore new woodlands, especially those suffering from ill health, an increasingly likely future for much of the boreal forest biome.